What is the Difference between Sugar and High Fructose Corn Syrup

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One day while having a conversation with my daughter who is a trained chemist I ask her what was the difference between Sugar and High Fructose Corn Syrup?  She thought that was a fantastic question; and here is her answer: 

Sugar is the carbohydrate sucrose, which is fructose and glucose stuck together. We generally get our sugar from sugar cane or sugar beets.

High fructose corn syrup (HFCS), on the other hand, is a sucrose mixture that’s had most of its glucose changed into fructose via certain enzyme reactions. In general HFCS is anywhere between 40% and 90% fructose. Another way to look at it, it’s far more sweet than table sugar. 

The problem is, in most cases food manufacturers have yet to change their recipes to compensate for the greater sweetness. Thus, if you’re eating processed foods with HFCS, you are consuming more fructose than ever before. And, as we know, increased sugar intake leads to obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and tooth decay to name a few.

Watch the video, Sugar: The Bitter Truth posted on 4/26/2011. The lecturer goes so far as to suggest HFCS is a poison. I myself have, for the most part, stopped buying processed foods and those that I do still buy do not have HFCS. 

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